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Tangshan : the city of steel. In China it's been considered a cradle of the country's modern industrialization and an engine for growth since the 19th century.

新华社记者,罗辛·蒂明斯(Roisin Timmins)报道:唐山,钢铁之城。在中国,自19世纪以来,唐山就被认为是这个国家现代工业化的摇篮和增长引擎。

But it has also been shaken by historical economic, even geological events that have forced the city and its inhabitants to rebuild and flourish over the last seven decades.

但在过去彩神v官网的70年里,唐山也饱经风霜动荡,历史经济变迁、甚至地质灾害,都迫使这座城市及其居民不得不在重建中去争取复彩神网v兴。

So how is Tangshan shifting from a industrial base to a green city? And how will it face the challenges posed by China's shift to high quality development?

那么,唐山是怎样实◤现从一个工业基地向绿色城市的转变的?它又将如何应对整个中国迈向高质量ㄨ发展的转型升级所带来的挑战呢?



Hebei province is rich in coal reserves. It's for this reason that much of China's primary industry built up here particularly since the founding of the People's Republic of China 70 years ago.

河北省煤彩神V2炭储量丰富。正是由于这个原因,尤其是在70年前中华人ㄨ民共和国成立以后,中国第一产业中很大一部分都是从这里起步。

In those first few decades the coal and steel industry developed rapidly here. These resources were vital to China's development and Hebei Province especially Tangshan was the engine.

在彩神v111APP新中国头几十年里,这里彩神v邀请码的煤炭和钢铁工业发展迅猛。这些资源对新中国的发展至关重№要,而河北省,特别是唐山市,也成为了当时中国经济发展的一大引擎。



But this prosperity was not to last. On July 28, 1976, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake decimated the city, killing over 240,000 people.

然而,这种繁彩神v辅助荣被打断了。1976年7月28日,一场7.8级的大地震摧毁了整座城市,造成超过24万人死亡。

The rebuilding process would take decades, but with national support and steely resolve, Tangshan's industry and its people recovered, rebuilt and flourished.

重建一个唐山需要几十年的时间。但依靠着全国上下的支→持和坚定决心,新唐山建成并繁彩神V2荣起来,它的人民、产业,也终于恢复了活力。



Before 2013, Tangshan's steel capacity was 150 million tonnes annually. But reliance sololy on coal and steel wasn't sustainable long-term. Tangshan needed another upgrade.

到2013年,唐山的钢铁产能已经达彩神v1网址到每年1.5亿吨。然而,对煤炭和钢铁产业的↑高度依赖并不符合长期可持续发展的理念,唐山需要再一▲次升级。

In an effort to curb air pollution and address overcapacity, Tangshan reduced 78 million tonnes of steel and iron capacity from 2013 to 2018, and the city plans to reduce steel and iron companies by around a quarter by 2020.

为了控制空气彩神ⅠV污染和解决产能过剩问题,唐山自2013年起到2018年的5年间,主动削减了7800万彩神v111吨的钢铁产能,并计划到2020年再减少『约四分之一的钢铁企业。



This push to address the ills of industrialization has been going on across China for some time now. As a result, the city's average PM2.5 density fell from 115 to 60 micrograms per cubic meter from 2013 to 2018. In the first four months of this year, the city had 78 days of excellent or good air quality.

这一举措对彩神v辅助于解决多年来困扰中国各地的工业化后遗症问题产生了立竿见影彩神v1的效果。成果之一,就是从2013年到2018年,唐山市的PM2.5平均浓度从每立方米115微克,下降到60微克。2019年头四个月里,该市有78天的空气质量达到了“优”或“良”。

Forest coverage also rose to around 38% in 2018, higher than the national average.

到2018年,唐山的森林覆盖率也升至彩神v38%左右,高于全国平均水平。



But that doesn't mean forgetting the industries that already exist.

但这些并不意味着原有的产业被彻底遗忘。

Zhou Guoping, Tangsteel High Strength Automotive Strip Co., Ltd
"We have been focusing on upgrading and high quality development using new techniques. We now have many unique products and patented technology."

唐山钢铁集团高强汽车板有限公司(Tangsteel High Strength Automotive Strip Co., Ltd)总经理周国平彩神v官网介绍说:“近几年我们彩神v邀请码一直致力于转型升级和高质量发展,在我们的产业上运用了许多新工艺和新技术,拥有了许多自己独有的产品和∮专利。”



Tangsteel is now looking at green manufacturing. All its production lines are ultra-low-emission. It's also promoting intelligent production along the reclaimation and use of waste gas in the production process.

今天的唐钢彩神网v,正着眼于绿彩神v8邀请码色制造,它的所有生产线都已经达到了超低排放标准。它还在同时推进智能化生产、以及生产过程中的废气回收再利用。

China's modern coal mining began here. But today increasing amounts of this coal is not burned as fuel, but used in advanced chemical processes. And it's not just Tangshan's coal and steel getting upgrades.

中国的现彩神v代煤炭开采也是从唐山开始的。但如今,越来越多从这里开采出来的煤炭,已经⊙不是作为燃料燃烧掉,而是被用于先进化工工艺。同时实现转型升级的,也远不仅仅是唐山彩神v邀请码的煤炭和钢铁产业。



Tangshan was home to China's first steam locomotive at the end of the 19th Century. And by the beginning of the 21st century, it had became home to China's world class high speed trains.

19世纪彩神ⅠV末的唐山,生产出了中国第一台蒸汽机车;而到了21世纪初,唐山已经成为世界级的中国高铁主要产地。

He Jingwei, CRRC Tangshan Co., Ltd
"Our company was established in 1881. China's first steam train and wagon were made here. Today we produce high speed trains that can go up to 350 km/h. Now our products are exported to many countries."

中车唐山机车车辆有限公司(CRRC Tangshan Co., Ltd)何经纬(音):“中车唐山公司始建彩神v111于1881年。它造出了中国第一台蒸汽机车,中国第一辆铁路货彩神v1车。目前我们正在生产时速350公里的复兴号标准动车组。我们的彩神争霸V产品还已经出口到世界多个国家和地彩神v1网址区。”



Tangshan's industry is of course important. But the effect that industry has on the environment must also be dealt with.

工业对彩神ⅠV于唐山当然重要。但工业对环境造成的影响也必须得到有效彩神ⅠV处理。

This lake and tourist attraction for example, was once one of the first mines during Tangshan's initial industrialization. Now it's the Nanhu scenic park, covering an area of 28 square kilometers. It's free to the public and hosted the 2016 world horticultural expo which helped accelerate the city's tourism and cultura indstry with improved infrastructure including hotels and new sight-seeing facilities. Last year, the park received 4.8 million tourists, 1.7 times that of 2017.

以这片湖泊为例,现在的这个彩神争霸V旅游景点,曾经是唐山工︻业化初期的第一批矿山所在地之一。如今,这里成了“南湖城市中央生态公园”,占地28平方公里,免费向公彩神v1众开放。这里还曾举办过2016年世界园艺博览彩神v辅助会,对加快唐山的▲旅游和文化产业发展,改善彩神v包括酒店住宿、观光服务在内的基础设施,起到了很彩神ⅠV大帮助。去年,南湖公园共接待游客480万人次,是2017年的1.7倍。



Greening the city is important, but Tangshan is also looking at the nearby marine ecology.

城市绿化很重要,而↑唐山所重视的,还有城市周边的海洋生彩神v软件态保护。

Zhang Zhenhai, Tangshan Ocean Ranch
"Since 2002 we have been trying to repair the damage done to the marine ecology. By 2016, populations of marine life in the core test area were 30 times higher than outside it."

唐山海洋牧场(Tangshan Ocean Ranch)的张震海(音)介绍说:“从02年开始,到16年底的时候,我们有一个3千亩的核心实彩神v111APP验区,里边修复的生物量,较郊区修复的生物量,要高出30多倍。”



Thanks to artificial reefs and breed release programs since 2009, populations of algae, shellfish and other fish are growing, forming a marine biologic chain over the ranch's 266 hectares. Nearly 200 local villagers have left behing damaging fishing methods and turned to tourism as part of a recreational fishing program.

借助于自2009年开始的人工珊瑚和物种培育计划,藻类、贝类和其他各种鱼类的数量正在不断增长,形成了海洋牧场266公顷的海彩神网v洋生态链。近200名当彩神V2地渔民也已经放弃了过去的破坏式捕鱼,转而从事起了旅游业,加入了一个休闲娱乐性捕鱼项目。



Tangshan is aiming to be a gateway for economic cooperation in Northeast Asia as an important pivot of the capital's economic circle. Robots, new materials, high-end manufacturing like high-speed trains, and the cultural and tourism sectors are all providing new engines for the city's high-quality growth.

唐山彩神ⅠV的目标,是要成为整个东北亚地区经济合作的门户,成为首都经济彩神v1网址圈的重要枢纽城市。机器人、新材料、高铁等高端制造业,以及文化旅游产业,都将是城市未彩神v1来高质量增长的新的发动机。

Tangshan and its people have worked hard over the years to keep up with industrial innovations and, more recently, to protect and restore its precious ecology.
Now the city of steel is not just rebuilding, but redefining itself, as it must, in this next stage of economic industrial and environmental development.

唐彩神v1山和唐山人,多年来一直都在努力追彩神v111赶工业创新的步伐,而今更开始致力于保护和恢复他们宝贵的生态环境。今天的钢铁彩神v辅助之城,实现的早已不仅仅是重建,而是着眼◢在经济、工业和环境提升的下一个阶段,为自己确立新的定★义——这也是它必须要走的路。